Monstera Plant Care: What You Need to Know

Monstera plants, often called Swiss cheese plants, are a popular choice for indoor plant enthusiasts. With their large, unique leaves and easygoing nature, they bring a touch of the tropics to any space. In this care guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know to help your Monstera thrive. Let’s dive in!

Monstera Plant Care Guide

Quick Reference Table: Caring for Monstera Plant

Aspect Monstera Plant Care
Sunlight Indirect, bright light
Soil Well-draining, peat-based potting mix
Watering Allow top 2 inches of soil to dry out between waterings
Pruning Prune to maintain size and remove old, yellowing leaves
Temperature 65-85°F (18-29°C)
Common Problems Yellow leaves, root rot, pests
Indoors vs Outdoors Can be grown indoors and outdoors; prefers warmer temperatures
Best Pots Containers with drainage holes and a size appropriate for plant growth

Monstera Plant Sunlight: Do They Need It and How Much?

Monstera plants do need sunlight to grow, but they prefer indirect, bright light. Direct sunlight can scorch their leaves, so it’s best to place them near a north or east-facing window. If you don’t have enough natural light, you can supplement with a grow light.

Monstera Plant Soil Tips

Use a well-draining, peat-based potting mix for your Monstera. The soil should retain some moisture but not become waterlogged. Adding perlite, orchid bark, or coco coir to the mix can improve drainage and aeration.

Monstera Plant Watering and Frequency

Water your Monstera when the top 2 inches of soil feel dry to the touch. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so be careful not to let the plant sit in standing water. It’s better to underwater slightly than to overwater.

Pruning Monstera Plant Properly

Pruning your Monstera helps maintain its size and shape, and it promotes healthy growth. Remove old, yellowing leaves and any aerial roots that have grown too long. To encourage bushier growth, trim back long stems just above a leaf node.

Optimal Monstera Plant Temperature: Can They Tolerate the Cold?

Monsteras prefer temperatures between 65-85°F (18-29°C). They can tolerate cooler temperatures down to 50°F (10°C) briefly, but prolonged exposure to cold can damage the plant. If you live in a colder climate, it’s best to keep your Monstera indoors during the winter months.

Common Monstera Plant Problems

Yellow Leaves

Yellow leaves can be a sign of overwatering. Make sure you’re allowing the top 2 inches of soil to dry out between waterings and that your pot has proper drainage.

Root Rot

Root rot is caused by overwatering and poor drainage. If you suspect root rot, remove the plant from its pot and trim away any mushy, brown roots. Repot the plant in fresh, well-draining soil and be more mindful of your watering habits.


Common pests that can affect Monstera plants include spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. Treat infestations with insecticidal soap or neem oil, and keep an eye out for signs of pests to catch them early.

Monstera Plant Outdoors vs Indoors

Monstera plants can be grown both indoors and outdoors, depending on your climate and preferences. Here are the pros and cons of each option:

Location Pros Cons
  • Controlled environment
  • Consistent temperature and humidity
  • Can be grown year-round
  • Requires more attention to lighting needs
  • Potential for pests if other houseplants are infested
  • Can benefit from natural sunlight and rainwater
  • May grow larger and faster in favorable conditions
  • Temperature fluctuations and potential for cold damage
  • Increased risk of pests and diseases
  • Must be brought indoors in colder climates during winter

Best Pots for Monstera Plant

Choose a pot with drainage holes to prevent waterlogging and root rot. As your Monstera grows, you may need to upgrade to a larger pot to accommodate its size. A good rule of thumb is to choose a pot that is 2-4 inches larger in diameter than the current one. Materials like terracotta or ceramic are great choices because they help regulate moisture levels in the soil.

Monstera Plant Facts

Monstera Plant Benefits

  • Air purifier: Monstera plants are known to help purify the air by absorbing toxins like formaldehyde and benzene.
  • Humidity lover: Monsteras can help maintain healthy humidity levels in your home, creating a more comfortable environment.
  • Interior design element: With their large, unique leaves, Monstera plants make a stunning addition to any room, adding a touch of tropical flair.

Growth Rates: How Fast Do They Grow?

Monstera plants are relatively fast-growing, especially in optimal conditions with plenty of indirect sunlight, consistent watering, and proper nutrition. Under the right circumstances, they can grow several feet per year.

Monstera Plant Lifespan

With proper care, Monstera plants can live for many years, often exceeding 10-15 years in an indoor setting.

Are Monstera Plants Safe?

Monstera plants are considered toxic to pets and humans if ingested, due to the presence of calcium oxalate crystals. Keep these plants away from curious pets and small children to prevent accidental ingestion.

Monstera Plant Flowers

Monstera plants can produce flowers, although it’s rare for indoor plants to bloom. The flowers are white, resemble a calla lily, and are often followed by a fruit that tastes similar to a pineapple.

Monstera Plant Types and Varieties

Monstera deliciosa

Monstera deliciosa is the most common type of Monstera plant, known for its large, fenestrated leaves. This variety can grow quite large, making it a striking addition to any indoor space.

Monstera adansonii

Also known as the Swiss cheese vine, Monstera adansonii has smaller, more delicate leaves with many small holes. This variety is a great option for hanging baskets or smaller spaces.

Monstera siltepecana

Monstera siltepecana has elongated, silver-green leaves with a subtle iridescence. This less common variety is a beautiful choice for a unique and eye-catching display.

Monstera Plant Pros and Cons

Pros Cons
  • Easy to care for
  • Air purifying capabilities
  • Stunning visual appeal
  • Potentially toxic to pets and children
  • Can grow quite large, requiring ample space
  • Requires regular maintenance (pruning, repotting)

Monstera Plant Cost

Monstera plant prices can vary depending on factors like size, rarity, and maturity. Small, common varieties can be found for as little as $10, while larger, more mature specimens or rarer varieties can cost $50 or more.

Where to Buy Monstera Plants

You can find Monstera plants at local nurseries, garden centers, or online retailers. Specialty plant shops and online plant communities are also excellent sources for rarer varieties.

Is Monstera Plant Propagation in Water Possible?

Yes, Monstera plants can be propagated in water. Simply take a stem cutting with at least one leaf and a node, place it in a container of water, and wait for roots to develop. Once roots have formed, you can transfer the cutting to soil.

Additional Resources

FAQ for Monstera Plant Care

Are Monstera plants toxic to cats?

Yes, Monstera plants are toxic to cats if ingested, as they contain calcium oxalate crystals that can cause oral irritation, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing.

Are Monstera plants toxic to dogs?

Yes, Monstera plants are toxic to dogs if ingested, as they contain calcium oxalate crystals that can cause oral irritation, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing.

Are Monstera plants toxic to kids?

Yes, Monstera plants are toxic to humans if ingested, as they contain calcium oxalate crystals that can cause oral irritation, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing. Keep these plants out of reach of small children.

How tall do Monstera plants get?

Monstera plants can grow quite tall, with some varieties reaching heights of 10 feet or more indoors. Regular pruning can help control their size.

Can Monstera plants live outside?

Monstera plants can live outside in warmer climates where temperatures do not drop below 50°F (10°C). They should be placed in a shady area with protection from direct sunlight.

Are Monstera plants poisonous?

Yes, Monstera plants are considered poisonous due to the presence of calcium oxalate crystals. Ingestion can cause oral irritation, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing in both pets and humans.

How often should I water my Monstera plant?

Water your Monstera plant when the top inch or so of soil feels dry. This usually equates to watering once every 1-2 weeks, depending on factors like temperature, humidity, and light exposure.

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